Permaculture, or permanent culture, is a concept introduced in the mid-70s by Bill Mollison, an Australian scientist, which conceives the harmonious integration of landscape and people providing their food, energy, shelter, and other material and non-material needs in a sustainable way.
It is a collection of principles and design methods that provide alternatives to at least four sociotechnical systems that are ripe for change, especially: food, energy, water, and waste. Permaculture practitioners tend to use techniques and technologies associated to agroforestry and organic agriculture, renewable energies, rainwater catchment, materials reusing and repairing, zero waste standards, among others that can promote environmental sustainability and carbon neutrality. It also provides an alternative to the materialistic, consumer culture that many individuals are currently seeking detachment, by nurturing the ethics of earth care, people care, fair share.
The more permaculture is practiced worldwide, by civil society organizations and individuals committed to adopting carbon-neutral production standards and/or consumption habits, the less dependent the global population will be on the current carbon-intensive economy, and therefore, the faster the global society will transition to a carbon-neutral or post-carbon economy.
There is a global network of permaculture practitioners that exchange knowledge, experiences and training opportunities. Permaculture Design Courses, or PDC, are already being taught in several countries across all continents. Also, permaculture is gaining popularity on social media and video platforms such as YouTube.
The skills and materials used in permaculture are usually simple and low-cost, and can be adapted to different local contexts and socioeconomic conditions. The growing permaculture movement is already showing that these principles and practices can be replicated throughout the world, and scaled through learning by doing and collaboration.
All in all, permaculture can offer transformative solutions for climate change mitigation and adaptation, which makes it a considerable Sensitive Intervention Point.




Trigger (intervention)




Feedback Dynamics


Timescale and scaleability





Marina Martinez

Unless otherwise stated, the content of this page is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 License