The Eco-friendly Charcoal KABIOF for the Sustainable Clean Cooking Energy

1. According to the report Bois et Forts des tropiques, 2016, N;328 (2), our country Burundi loses a forest cover estimated annually between 5,236 and 6,980 ha because of the consumption of charcoal by the urban population. At this rate, Burundi's forest cover, estimated at 171,625 ha, could disappear in 25 to 33 years, and this would contribute to the emission of CO2 into the atmosphere and therefore the acceleration of the global warming effects. In addition, our cities have many challenges in solid waste management and especially the big cities Bujumbura and Gitega, those which are even at the head of a high consumption of charcoal. Alerted by this situation, we immediately carried out an applied research which enabled us to have a prototype of eco-friendly charcoal from biodegradable solid waste having corn cobs as the basic raw material. We work in collaboration with waste collection organizations in cities as well as farmers of maize to collect raw materials. Indeed, we contribute to the mitigation of greenhouse gas emissions including the emission of CO2 caused by deforestation as well as the emission of CH4 related to the biodegradation in the open air of organic waste as we do not have dumps well equipped for the management of solid waste. Our idea contributes to the reduction of the harmful effects of climate change. Our clean cooking energy solution is smokeless which contributes to the health promotion of women and child who are often exposed to the culinary activities. We are creating job opportunities to end poverty and that reinforce the resilience of communities. Therefore, we are contributing to achieve the Parris agreement aims as well as the Sustainable Development Goals.

 

Actor(s)

Charcoal users

 

Trigger (intervention)

 

Criticality

 

Feedback Dynamics

 

Timescale and scaleability

 

Resistance

 

Author

Delphin Kaze

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